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WCF Constitution


Constitution of the World Curling Federation


Article 1

  1. Under the name “WORLD CURLING FEDERATION” (herein after “WCF”) a non-profit making Corporation has been formed regulated by the present Constitution and By-Laws, and accessorily by the articles 60 and following of the Civil Code of Switzerland.
  2. The Royal Caledonian Curling Club, the Mother Club of Curling, which initiated the founding of the WCF shall be officially recognised as such and represents Scotland.


Article 2

The purpose and aims of the WCF are:

  1. to represent curling internationally and to facilitate the growth of such sport through the nations of the world;
  2. to promote co-operation and mutual understanding amongst Member Nations and to unite curlers throughout the world;
  3. to defend and further the interests of world curling;
  4. to conduct world curling competitions;
  5. to formulate rules of the sport of curling for world competitions and all other competitions approved by the WCF;
  6. to respect the autonomy of its Member Nations.


Article 3

The registered office of the WCF is in Lausanne (Switzerland).

Article 4

  1. The WCF is founded for an unlimited period of time.
  2. The WCF can decide its dissolution at any time.



Article 5

  1. The WCF is composed of Member Nations within a number of zones as determined by the General Assembly.
  2. Any new Member Nation accepted at a General Assembly is immediately incorporated into one of the zones of the WCF.
  3. The Member Nations of each zone are listed by a By-Law.


Article 6

  1. Any nation may apply to become a member of the WCF.
  2. Only one curling association per Nation shall become a member of the WCF.
  3. Any form of discrimination with regard to a Member Nation, or a person, on grounds of race, religion, politics, gender or any other harassment, is incompatible with membership of the WCF.

Article 7

To be accepted as a member of the WCF, a Nation shall:

  1. make a written application to the Executive Board containing its National Association Statutes;
  2. accept the regulations of the WCF Constitution, By-Laws and Rules.

Article 8

Decisions on applications for membership of the WCF are made by the General Assembly.


Article 9

A Member Nation may at any time withdraw from membership of the WCF by a written letter to the Executive Board.

Article 10

  1. the General Assembly may expel or temporarily suspend a Member Nation for any one of the following reasons:
    1. non-payment of subscriptions or any other debts due to the WCF;
    2. infringement of the Constitution or Rules;
    3. any other peremptory justified reason;
    4. any justified reason given by written request of one-fifth (1/5th) of the Member Nations.
  2. the General Assembly will give its decisions after having heard the Representatives of the Member Nation concerned.
  3. the Decision has to be supported by a majority of two-thirds (2/3) of all eligible votes, whether present or not.

Article 11

A Member Nation which has withdrawn its membership, or has been expelled, has no claim against the assets of the WCF.


Article 12

The bodies of the WCF are:

  1. The General Assembly
  2. The Executive Board and the Management Committee
  3. The Auditors


Article 13

  1. The General Assembly is the supreme authority of the WCF.
  2. The General Assembly consists of the Representatives of the Member Nations and the Executive Board.

Article 14

  1. Each Member Nation freely appoints its Representatives as follows:
    1. 4 Representatives for the Member Nations with over 10,000 curlers;
    2. 3 Representatives for the Member Nations with between 3,001 and 10,000 curlers;
    3. 2 Representatives for the Member Nations with under 3,001 curlers.
  2. Each Member Nation shall appoint at least one man and one woman as Representatives.
  3. Vacancy within a Member Nation shall be filled by appointment by the Member Nation concerned.


Article 15 - Annual General Assembly

The Annual General Assembly is held during the week of the World Curling Competitions, wherever they are played.

Article 16 - Semi Annual General Assemblies

A Semi Annual General Assembly may be held each year at the discretion of the General Assembly or of the Executive Board.

Article 17

  1. A Special General Assembly may be called by the President with the agreement of the majority of the Executive Board.
  2. A Special General Assembly shall be called upon request of one third (1/3) of the Member Nations. The request shall be sent to the Secretary General. The Assembly shall be called by the President within forty-five (45) days of the date of receipt of the request.
  3. Notice of a Special General Assembly shall specify the business to be transacted and no other business shall be considered.


Article 18

  1. All notices of Assemblies, together with the agenda, shall be received by the Representatives and Member Nations forty-five (45) days before the date of the Assembly.
  2. Notices of Motion to change the Constitution or the By-Laws shall be received by the Secretary General sixty (60) days in advance of the General Assembly for circulation with the Notice calling the General Assembly. Proposed constitutional changes, without prior notice, may be dealt with if two-thirds (2/3) of all eligible votes are present, and with unanimous consent [subject to article 25(b)].


Article 19

To conduct WCF business at General Assemblies, a minimum of one-half (1/2) of the Member Nations shall be present and two (2) of the WCF’s zones shall be represented.

Article 20

  1. When the General Assembly must deliberate upon the dissolution of the WCF, any decision shall be valid only if two-thirds (2/3) of the Member Nations are present.
  2. If there is no such quorum, a second Notice shall be sent (as defined in art. 18) indicating that any decision shall be valid no matter how many Member Nations are present.


Article 21 - Voting right

  1. Only the Representatives of Member Nations which have paid their subscriptions, including arrears, according to the By-Laws, shall be entitled to vote at General Assemblies, or move or second a motion.
  2. Representatives from a Member Nation are entitled to vote differently from each other.
  3. Representatives carrying proxies are entitled to vote differently for themselves and for their proxies, and that, whether the proxies be discretionary or directive.
  4. Executive Board Members shall not serve as Representatives and shall have no vote at General Assemblies. The President only has a casting-vote.

Article 22 - Assignment of Votes

  1. The votes of the Member Nations are determined as follows:
    1. 8 votes for Member Nations with more than 10,000 curlers;
    2. 6 votes for Member Nations with between 3,001 and 10,000 curlers;
    3. 4 votes for Member Nations with between 501 and 3,000 curlers;
    4. 2 votes for Member Nations with under 501 curlers.
  2. Each Representative shall be eligible to carry a minimum of two (2) votes and a maximum of four (4) votes from his Member Nation. For Member Nations with less than 501 curlers, each Representative shall be eligible to carry a minimum of one (1) vote and a maximum of two (2) votes from his Member Nation.

Article 23 - Proxies

  1. Within a Member Nation:

    a Representative may carry proxies of other Representatives within the limits provided by Art. 22(b).
  2. Proxy of another Member Nation:
    1. Should a Member Nation not attend a General Assembly its Representatives may confer a proxy upon a Representative of another Member Nation;
    2. Only one Representative per Member Nation may carry a proxy:
    3. No Representative may carry more than one (1) proxy of another Member Nation’s Representative.
  3. The proxies are valid for all decisions taken during the General Assembly concerned.
  4. The Proxy shall be given in writing to the Secretary General at least one week before the General Assembly. In special circumstances a proxy may be transmitted to the Secretary General without a full week’s notice, in which case the Executive Board shall decide the validity of the proxy.

Article 24 - Voting System

  1. All decisions are taken by show of hands.
  2. However, vote by secret ballot is necessary for the following decisions:
    1. election of the Executive Board Members;
    2. dissolution of the Federation;
    3. any other decision upon request of all Representatives present of three (3) Member Nations.

Article 25 - Majority

  1. Decisions are taken by an absolute majority of eligible votes present at a General Assembly, which means more than half of the eligible votes, excluding blanks and abstentions.
  2. However, a two-third (2/3) majority of all eligible votes of Member Nations, whether present or not at a General Assembly, is required for the following decisions:
    1. expulsion of a Member Nation [Art. 10(c)];
    2. change to the Constitution [Art. 26(j)];
    3. dissolution of the WCF [Art 26(k) + 44].
  3. Although being an integral part of the WCF Constitution, the By-Laws can be changed by an absolute majority according to letter (a) of the present article.


Article 26

The General Assembly has the following powers:

  1. election of the Members of the Executive Board;
  2. election of each member of the Management Committee;
  3. approval of the auditors;
  4. approval of the Reports of the Executive Board;
  5. approval of the accounting records and financial statements and discharge to the Executive Board.
  6. approval of annual subscriptions;
  7. approval of the budget;
  8. admission or exclusion of a Member Nation;
  9. decision on any proposal in the agenda or arising during the General Assembly;
  10. changes to the Constitution and By-Laws;
  11. dissolution of the Federation.


Article 27 - Formation

  1. The Executive Board comprises seven (7) Members:
    1. a President
    2. a Vice President
    3. a Director of Finance
    4. four (4) Members
  2. An Executive Board member shall not serve as a Representative of a Member Nation.
  3. Each of the seven Executive Board Members shall be from a different Member Nation, with a guaranteed seat for Scotland, Canada and USA.
  4. The Executive Board shall comprise both male and female members.
  5. The Different Members of the Executive Board are elected or appointed according to a specific By-Law.

Article 28 - Period of Office

  1. Executive Board Members are elected or appointed for a two- (2)-year term of office.
  2. Executive Board Members are eligible for a maximum of three (3) consecutive terms in the same position.
  3. Vacancies on the Executive Board shall be filled as defined in a By-Law.
  4. The period of office of an Executive Board Member shall be unaffected by any revision to the Constitution unless otherwise stated.

Article 29 - Organisation

The Management Committee is made up of the President, the Vice-President and the Director of Finance, who are defined as Officers of the Federation.

Article 30 - Notice

  1. Meetings of the Executive Board are called by the President or by the majority of the Members of the Executive Board.

    When requested by the majority of the Executive Board Members, the President shall call the meeting within thirty (30) days after the request.
  2. The Management Committee meets whenever necessary.

Article 31 - Quorum and Vote

1 Quorum -

To conduct Executive Board business, at least one (1) Officer and four (4) Executive Board Members, representing at least two (2) zones, shall be present.

2 Vote

  1. Each Member of the Executive Board, except the President, has one (1) vote.
  2. The President only has a casting vote.
  3. The Members of the Executive Board shall not be represented by proxies.

Article 32 - Powers

  1. The Executive Board has the following powers:
    1. management and administration of the WCF;
    2. presentation for acceptance by the General Assembly of the Management Report, the accounts and the budget;
    3. expenses of the budget up to $20,000
    4. solve any litigation arising between Member Nations, Representatives and Curlers;
    5. when urgent, take decisions normally assumed by the General Assembly (as per Art. 26), except election of Executive Board Members, expulsion of a Member Nation, changes to the Constitution and dissolution of the WCF.

      In such a case the decision must be approved by the next General Assembly.

      The Executive Board is responsible to the General Assembly.
  2. The Management Committee shall implement the direction of the Executive Board or the General Assembly in the interim between Executive Board meetings.

    The Management Committee is responsible to the Executive Board.


Article 33

  1. The auditors are approved each year by the General Assembly.
  2. The auditors shall present an annual report to the General Assembly.


Article 34

  1. Any decision made by the General Assembly of the WCF, or by the Judicial Committee of the WCF, may be the object of appeal arbitration proceedings in accordance with the Code of sports-related arbitration of the Court of Arbitration for Sport in Lausanne, Switzerland. The time limit for appeal is twenty-one (21) days following the communication of the decision concerning the appeal. All recourse to ordinary courts is excluded.
  2. The WCF undertakes to comply with the provisions of the IOC Medical Code concerning doping and gender verification.


Article 35 - Location

  1. The headquarters of the WCF is based in Scotland.
  2. Any change of location shall be approved by the General Assembly.

Article 36 - Secretary General

  1. The Executive Board appoints the Secretary General.
  2. The Secretary General is member, ex-officio, of all General Assemblies, Executive Board meetings and Management Committee meetings and takes the minutes of these various meetings.
  3. The Secretary General takes part in the discussion but has no right to vote.
  4. The Secretary General is responsible to the Executive Board for his activity.


Article 37

The income of the WCF consists of:

  • annual subscriptions of the Member Nations, which are fixed in a rule according to the number of curlers per Nation;
  • contribution from sponsors;
  • donations;
  • proceeds from rights or from sales;
  • hosting fees from world competitions;
  • miscellaneous.

Article 38

The financial year of the WCF shall be 1 January until 31 December.


Article 39 - Representation

  1. The joint signature of the President and another member of the Management Committee is necessary to validly bind the WCF in any contractual relationship.
  2. The signature of any contract or document binding the WCF shall be approved by the Executive Board.
  3. Any contract of a duration of more than one (1) year, other than World Curling Championship hosting contracts, shall be ratified by the next General Assembly.

Article 40 - Responsibility

  1. Liabilities of the WCF are only guaranteed by its assets.
  2. No liabilities may be incurred by a Member Nation or its Representatives.
  3. The Members of the Executive Board are responsible only for their personal illegal acts.

Article 41 - Remuneration and Expenses

  1. No Representative shall be paid any remuneration for their services to the WCF.
  2. Members of the Executive Board shall be reimbursed for expenses incurred in attending meetings or other business on behalf of the WCF.
  3. With the prior approval of the Executive Board, a Representative may be reimbursed for expenses incurred when performing special duties for the WCF.
  4. The Secretary General and employees engaged by the Executive Board are paid a salary fixed by the Executive Board.


Article 42

  1. The official language of the WCF shall be English.
  2. For interpretation of the WCF documentation, decisions, constitution, by-laws, rules or voice recording, the English text prevails.

Article 43

Whenever the word indicating the masculine is used, it also includes the feminine.


Article 44

  1. The decision pronouncing the dissolution of the WCF is taken according to article 20 of the present Constitution;
  2. The General Assembly, having pronounced the dissolution, is entitled to decide by simple majority of the voting members the allowance of the remaining assets of the WCF, which have to be allocated to a non-profit and of public interest corporation.


Article 45

  1. The present Constitution, adopted by the General Assembly of 13 December 1995, comes into force on 1 January 1996.

List of By-Laws

  1. Agenda of the General Assembly
  2. List of Member Nations
  3. Election of the Executive Board
  4. Committee Structures
  5. Judicial Committee
  6. Subscriptions
  7. Minutes and Handbook

  8. Doping Policy


  1. Reading of Notice of Assembly

  2. Report on Credentials of Representatives and Quorum.

  3. Exclusion/suspension of a Member Nation.

  4. Additions to the Agenda.

  5. Approval of the Agenda.

  6. Reading of the Minutes of the last General Assembly and approval thereof.

  7. Business arising out of the Minutes.

  8. Report of the President.

  9. Report of the Executive Board and Committees.

  10. Report of the Director of Finance.

  11. Report of the Auditors.

  12. Approval of the Financial Statement and Discharge to the Executive Board.

  13. Appointment of the Auditors.

  14. Presentation and approval of the budget.

  15. Approval of annual subscriptions

  16. Resolutions.

  17. Further business.

  18. Elections

  19. Acceptance of a new Member Nation.

  20. Date and location of next General Assembly.



The Royal Caledonian Curling Club (Scotland)
Andorra Curling Association
Austrian Curling Association
Belarusian Curling Association
Bulgarian Curling Association
Czech Curling Association
Danish Curling Association
English Curling Association
Finnish Curling Association
French Curling Association
German Curling Association
Hungarian Curling Association
Icelandic Curling Association
Israel Curling Association
Italian Ice-Sports Federation
Latvian Curling Association
Liechtenstein Curling Association
Luxembourg Curling Association
Netherlands Curling Association
Norwegian Curling Association
Romanian Curling Association
Royal Spanish Winter Sports Federation
Russian Curling Federation
Swedish Curling Association
Swiss Curling Association
Welsh Curling Association


Brazilian Curling Association
Canadian Curling Association
Mexican Curling Association
United States Curling Association
US Virgin Islands Curling Association


Australian Curling Federation
Japan Curling Association
Korean Curling Federation
New Zealand Curling Association
Chinese Taipei Curling Federation


Chapter One - Electoral Procedure


  1. Nominations for the election of Executive Board Members shall be made in writing by a Member Nation to the Secretary General at least sixty (60) days in advance of the Assembly at which elections are due to take place.
  2. All Nominations shall be distributed to the Member Nations and their Representatives, with the Agenda forty-five (45) days prior to the Annual General Assembly.
  3. At the time of nominations or election each candidate shall be, or have been a Representative of a Member Nation with at least one attendance at a General Assembly of the WCF.
  4. For each election, any Executive Board Member must be nominated with the approval of his Member Nation.


The General Assembly appoints two (2) tellers who:

  1. shall be in possession of a sealed envelope containing the Executive Board’s casting-vote for the election of the President;
  2. shall be in possession of a sealed envelope containing the President’s casting-vote of each position except the President;
  3. shall count the number of votes in favour of each candidate;
  4. shall announce the result of each election, making no reference to the number of votes cast for each candidate;
  5. shall destroy all voting-papers immediately after the end of the elections.


  1. One candidate for one position

    The candidate is elected by acclamation.
  2. Two candidates for one position

    The candidate securing an absolute majority is elected.
  3. More than two (2) candidates for one position
    1. A candidate is elected when securing the absolute majority.
    2. If there is no absolute majority after the first ballot, the candidate(s) with least number of votes shall be eliminated from the election for this position.
    3. From then on, and for all following ballots, the procedure remains the same until a candidate secures an absolute majority.


  1. Management Committee

    The Management Committee is elected as follows:
    1. The President
    2. The Vice President
    3. The Director of Finance
  2. Members at Large
    1. Missing Gender

      If both genders are not represented after the election of the Management Committee, the next position shall be filled by the election of the missing gender-candidate who secures an absolute majority vote.
    2. Nations with a guaranteed seat

      If, at that point, Canada, Scotland and USA are not represented on the Executive Board, the next place shall be filled by appointment from such country(ies), provided that the Executive Board Member elected or appointed is or has been a Representative of his country with at least one attendance at a General Assembly of the WCF.
    3. Remaining positions at large
      1. The procedure stipulated under point III c) is followed.
      2. A candidate eliminated from one position may run for election for a following remaining position at large.

Chapter Two - Vacancy on Executive Board


  1. President

    In the event that the President is unable to complete his term, the Vice-President shall carry out his duties until the next Annual General Assembly.
  2. Vice-President and Director of Finance

    In the event that the Vice-President or the Director of Finance are unable to complete their term, the Executive Board shall appoint a member of the Executive Board to carry out their duties until the next Annual General Assembly.
  3. Nations with a guaranteed Seat

    The Member Nation shall fill the vacant seat by appointment until the next Annual General Assembly.

    The Executive Board Members representing Canada, Scotland and USA may be replaced by their Nation during their two-year mandate, provided that they have been serving as Representatives of their respective Nations with at least one attendance at a General Assembly of the WCF.
  4. Other Executive Board Members

    If the vacant Executive Board position was held by another person, the Executive Board carries out his duties until the next Annual General Assembly.



The activities of the WCF are divided into the following areas:

  • Competitions
  • Rules
  • Finance
  • Marketing
  • Constitution
  • International and Corporate Relations
  • Programmes and Services
  • Operations


  1. Standing Committees shall be formed for:
    1. Competition and Rules
    2. Constitution
    3. Marketing and Development
    4. Programmes and Services
  2. Each Standing Committee is under the responsibility of an Executive Board Member who shall form a Committee.



Ad Hoc Committees may be appointed from time to time by the Executive Board to work in a specific area of endeavour.


  1. Reports of the activities of such Committees shall be given at the next General Assembly by the Convenor of the respective Committee.
  2. The Committees are responsible to the Executive Board for their activities.


Members of the Committees shall be reimbursed for the expenses incurred when performing their duties for the Committee with prior approval of the Executive Board.


Chapter One - Powers

Article 1

The Judicial Committee is responsible for solving disputes arising only during the Championships organised by (or controlled by) the WCF, to the exclusion of any other international or national championship or tournament.

Article 2

The Judicial Committee solves all disputes brought up by a Member Nation, a team, a player or an official concerning the behaviour of a player, a team, a Member Nation or an official of any other competing nation.

Article 3

The Judicial Committee takes the necessary sanctions relating to doping offences:

Chapter TWO - general


Article 4

The Judicial Committee is composed of the Members of the Executive Board of the WCF.

Article 5

In each case the Judicial Committee appoints the President of the panel, who:

  • conducts the procedure
  • has a casting-vote in case of equality of votes
  • writes and signs the decision on behalf of the Judicial Committee


Article 6

Any Member of the Judicial Committee may decide to decline to give an opinion, or may be challenged by one of the parties, for the following reasons:

  1. same nationality or relationship by blood or marriage with any person or Member Nation involved;
  2. the Member has been a counsel in the dispute, has given his opinion on the case or had cognisance of it as a judge or an arbitrator.
  3. any other cause of legitimate doubts over his impartiality.
Article 7
  1. Spontaneous declaration of conflict of interest by a Member of the Judicial Committee when a Member of the Judicial Committee spontaneously declines to give his opinion, the Judicial Committee takes note of his decision.
  2. Challenge of a Member by one of the parties.
    1. The request is made in writing and indicates the reasons for the challenge.
    2. To be admissible, the challenge shall be brought before the Judicial Committee starts sitting, or immediately after the grounds for challenge have become known.
    3. The Judicial Committee decides in absence of the member challenged.
    4. The decision stating brief reasons is final and immediately enforceable.


Article 8 QUORUM

A decision is valid only when a minimum of three (3) members of the Judicial Committee are present.

Article 9 MAJORITY

Decisions are taken by simple majority, each member, including the President, having one vote, the President having a casting-vote in case of equality of votes


Article 10
  1. English is the official language for written submissions and oral presentation.
  2. However, another language may be used, if necessary, in the presence of an English interpreter.
Article 11

The decision shall be written in English.


Article 12
  1. All proceedings before the Judicial Committee are free of charge.
  2. However, the parties shall pay their own counsel’s and/or interpreter’s fees.
Article 13

No fees or reimbursement of expenses shall be paid to the members of the Judicial Committee.

Chapter Three - Proceedings


Article 14 Time Limit

Any complaint shall be submitted to the Secretary General of the WCF or, if absent, to an officer of the WCF, within two (2) hours from the knowledge of the facts.

Article 15 Form

Every complaint shall be in writing, briefly stating the facts and legal arguments.


Article 16

The President of the Panel immediately sets the hearing to hear the parties and the eventual witnesses.

Article 17

Parties are allowed to produce written submissions.

Article 18

The Judicial Committee deliberates and decides immediately after the end of the hearings.

Article 19 The decision
  1. The decision, stating reasons, dates and signed by the President of the Panel, is immediately communicated to the parties.
  2. The Panel may decide to communicate the holding of the decision to the parties prior to the reasons.
  3. The decision shall enter into force as from written communication of the holding.



The amount of the annual subscription to be paid by each Member Nation is fixed in consideration of the number of curlers of such Member Nation.


  1. Each Member Nation shall pay its annual subscription before March 1st of each year.
  2. Notices of Subscription will be mailed to each Member Nation not later than thirty (30) days prior to the end of the preceding fiscal year.
  3. Any Member Nation which has not paid its subscription by March 1st shall receive a demand for immediate payment
  4. In cases of non-payment, despite demand for payment, the procedure provided by article 10 of the Constitution may apply.



  1. All Minutes of General Assemblies, Executive Board meetings, Management Committees and other Committee meetings are held by the Secretary General.
  2. The Secretary General records in the Minutes the decision taken by the General Assembly, the Executive Board and the Management Committee.
  3. All Minutes of General Assemblies and Executive Board meetings are sent to all Member Nations, all Representatives and all Executive Board Members within forty-five (45) days following the date of the Assembly or Meeting concerned.
  4. The Secretary General is responsible for keeping and distributing the Minutes.


  1. The WCF shall publish every year a World Curling Official Handbook containing name and address of the Member Nations, the Representatives and the Executive Board Members, the Constitution and By-Laws, Rules and such other matters considered by the WCF as of general World Curling interest.
  2. The Secretary General is responsible for the publication of the World Curling Official Handbook.


Each Member Nation is required to confirm to the Secretary General, in writing, the names, addresses and contact numbers of their Secretary and Voting Representatives when nominated, and the name of their President, and advise of any replacements as and when they occur.


Each Member Nation is required to confirm, in writing, the number of curlers registered with their Association/Federation by 31 October each year.



Article 1

All competitors, coaches, doctors, physiotherapists or other officials of all WCF Member Nations undertake to accept the rules of the IOC Medical Code concerning use and trafficking of prohibited substances.


Article 2

The WCF recognises the current list of prohibited classes of substances and prohibited methods appearing in the IOC Medical Code and regularly updated.

Article 3

The WCF recognises the rules of the IOC Medical Code concerning local anaesthetics and corticosteroids which are subject to certain restrictions.

Article 4

The use of beta-blockers is prohibited in curling.

Article 5

The use of cannabinoids (eg Marijuana, Hashish ...) is prohibited in curling.


Article 6

The sample analysis shall be performed in the laboratories accredited by the IOC Executive Board.


Article 7 - Of the Athletes

  1. The competitor shall know and respect the anti-doping rules of the IOC Medical Code and shall ensure that he does not ingest any prohibited substance.
  2. It is the personal responsibility of any competitor to inform his personal doctor that he will compete on an international level and that the use of prohibited substances is forbidden.
  3. It is the personal responsibility of any competitor to discuss with his doctor the consequences of the use of prohibited substances, and to ask for a change of treatment if the treatment prescribed includes the ingestion of prohibited substances.
  4. It is the personal responsibility of any competitor to ask his doctor to fulfill the medical notification form for use of the Beta 2 Agonists, or the drug of class III of the IOC list, in accordance with the IOC Medical Code Rules.
Article 8 - Of the other parties
  1. The coaches and other officials shall know and respect the anti-doping rules and shall ensure that no competitor of their National Team ingests any prohibited substance.
  2. The doctors and members of the paramedical staff shall know and respect the anti-doping rules and shall ensure that no competitor of the National Team ingests any prohibited substance.
Article 9 - Special Obligation

Any player, coach, doctor, member of the paramedical staff or other official of a National Team shall have the obligation to inform immediately the WCF Executive Board of any infringement to the anti-doping Rules committed by a player of their National Team.


Article 10
  1. During WCF competitions

    The WCF Executive Board shall decide the numbers and names of the competitors to be subjected to doping control each day. In general, these controls will include the competitors playing in the semi-finals and finals, plus others chosen at random during the round-robin and tie-breakers.

  2. Out of competition testing

    The World Anti-Doping Agency (The WADA) is entitled to carry out any out of competition testing whenever it deems it appropriate, under the terms and conditions provided for in the Agreement signed between WADA and the WCF.

Article 11

The Appendix C and D of the IOC Medical Code shall apply to the Competitor Notification and Registration for Doping Control, to the sample-taking procedure and to the Sample Analysis.


Article 12 - General
  1. An infraction occurs whenever a provision of the IOC Medical Code, or of this by-law 8 to the WCF Constitution, has been breached by any person.
  2. A result is positive only when both the ‘A’ and ‘B’ samples are positive or when the ‘A’ sample is positive and the athlete affected waives the right to require that the ‘B’ sample be analysed.
  3. The penalties contemplated hereunder in Article 13 shall apply to any competitor who refuses to submit himself to a doping control.
Article 13 - Penalties
  1. General

    Any infraction by a competitor shall carry with it both individual penalties and team penalties.

  2. Individual Penalty

    1. The penalty for a first infraction by a competitor shall be disqualification for the duration of the WCF Championship, plus:

      1. except in the cases covered by paragraph (2) of this Article, a suspension from all competition for a period of two years from the later of the date of the positive result and the date on which any appeal from a decision thereon shall be finally determined;


      2. in cases of a positive result for ephedrine, phenlpropanolamine, pseudoephedrine, caffeine, strychnine and related compounds, a maximum suspension of three months.

    2. The penalty for a second infraction by a competitor pursuant to the IOC Medical Code and the present by-law shall be disqualification, if the infraction occurred during a competition, plus, in cases referred to in paragraph (1) of this Article, a lifetime suspension from all WCF competitions and WCF accreditations, in any capacity, and, in cases referred to in paragraph (2) of this Article, suspension for two years and, for any subsequent infraction, a life ban.

  3. Team Penalty

    1. The match during which the infraction took place shall be considered as forfeited by the team of which the punished competitor is a member.

    2. If the infraction took place during the finals, the team shall be disqualified and the medals shall be distributed between the three other teams according to their rank.

  4. Penalties for individuals other than competitors

    The same penalties apply, mutatis mutandis, to officials and others to whom the IOC Medical Code applies, provided that the penalty for an infraction is a minimum penalty only, and may be increased according to the circumstances and the culpability involved.

  5. General Consequences

    The penalties applied to an individual found guilty of a doping infraction in one participant role, or sport, should apply fully to all other roles, and all other sports, and be respected by the authorities of other sports for the length of the penalty period.



  1. Eligibility- Any national curling association is eligible to join the World Curling Federation.

  2. Membership- Membership is granted according to Articles 6, 7 & 8 of the Constitution of the WCF.

  3. Number of Representatives, Voting and Subscription. The undernoted scale shows the rights and financial responsibilities of member countries

    No of Curlers Representatives Votes Subscription
    (in USD)
    Countries with up to 500 2 2 160
    from 501 to 3,000 2 4 500
    from 3,001 to 10,000 3 6 1,250
    over 10,000 4 8 2,500


  4. Representatives of any curling country, which has not yet fulfilled the Credentials for joining the WCF are permitted to attend Open Meetings of the WCF as observers.


(c)2001-2004, World Curling Federation, all rights reserved. No duplication is allowed without permission.