Constitution of the
World Curling Federation
- Under the name “WORLD CURLING FEDERATION” (herein after “WCF”) a
non-profit making Corporation has been formed regulated by the present
Constitution and By-Laws, and accessorily by the articles 60 and following of
the Civil Code of Switzerland.
- The Royal Caledonian Curling Club, the Mother Club of Curling, which
initiated the founding of the WCF shall be officially recognised as such and
II PURPOSE AND AIMS
The purpose and aims of the WCF are:
- to represent curling internationally and to facilitate the growth of such
sport through the nations of the world;
- to promote co-operation and mutual understanding amongst Member Nations
and to unite curlers throughout the world;
- to defend and further the interests of world curling;
- to conduct world curling competitions;
- to formulate rules of the sport of curling for world competitions and all
other competitions approved by the WCF;
- to respect the autonomy of its Member Nations.
III HEAD OFFICE AND DURATION
The registered office of the WCF is in Lausanne
- The WCF is founded for an unlimited period
- The WCF can decide its dissolution at any time.
- The WCF is composed of Member Nations within a number of zones as
determined by the General Assembly.
- Any new Member Nation accepted at a General Assembly is immediately
incorporated into one of the zones of the WCF.
- The Member Nations of each zone are listed by a By-Law.
- Any nation may apply to become a member of the WCF.
- Only one curling association per Nation shall become a member of the WCF.
- Any form of discrimination with regard to a Member Nation, or a person, on
grounds of race, religion, politics, gender or any other harassment, is
incompatible with membership of the WCF.
To be accepted as a member of the WCF, a Nation
- make a written application to the Executive Board containing its National
- accept the regulations of the WCF Constitution, By-Laws and Rules.
Decisions on applications for membership of the WCF
are made by the General Assembly.
C WITHDRAWAL AND EXCLUSION
A Member Nation may at any time withdraw from
membership of the WCF by a written letter to the Executive Board.
- the General Assembly may expel or temporarily suspend a Member Nation for
any one of the following reasons:
- non-payment of subscriptions or any other debts due to the WCF;
- infringement of the Constitution or Rules;
- any other peremptory justified reason;
- any justified reason given by written request of one-fifth
(1/5th) of the Member Nations.
- the General Assembly will give its decisions after having heard the
Representatives of the Member Nation concerned.
- the Decision has to be supported by a majority of two-thirds (2/3) of all
eligible votes, whether present or not.
A Member Nation which has withdrawn its membership,
or has been expelled, has no claim against the assets of the WCF.
The bodies of the WCF are:
- The General Assembly
- The Executive Board and the Management Committee
- The Auditors
VI GENERAL ASSEMBLY
A GENERAL AND FORMATION
- The General Assembly is the supreme authority of the WCF.
- The General Assembly consists of the Representatives of the Member Nations
and the Executive Board.
- Each Member Nation freely appoints its Representatives as follows:
- 4 Representatives for the Member Nations with over 10,000
- 3 Representatives for the Member Nations with between 3,001 and
- 2 Representatives for the Member Nations with under 3,001
- Each Member Nation shall appoint at least one man and one woman as
- Vacancy within a Member Nation shall be filled by appointment by the
Member Nation concerned.
B TYPES OF ASSEMBLIES
Article 15 - Annual General Assembly
The Annual General Assembly is held during the week
of the World Curling Competitions, wherever they are played.
Article 16 - Semi Annual General Assemblies
A Semi Annual General Assembly may be held each
year at the discretion of the General Assembly or of the Executive Board.
- A Special General Assembly may be called by the President with the
agreement of the majority of the Executive Board.
- A Special General Assembly shall be called upon request of one third (1/3)
of the Member Nations. The request shall be sent to the Secretary General. The
Assembly shall be called by the President within forty-five (45) days of the
date of receipt of the request.
- Notice of a Special General Assembly shall specify the business to be
transacted and no other business shall be considered.
- All notices of Assemblies, together with the agenda, shall be received by
the Representatives and Member Nations forty-five (45) days before the date of
- Notices of Motion to change the Constitution or the By-Laws shall be
received by the Secretary General sixty (60) days in advance of the General
Assembly for circulation with the Notice calling the General Assembly.
Proposed constitutional changes, without prior notice, may be dealt with if
two-thirds (2/3) of all eligible votes are present, and with unanimous consent
[subject to article 25(b)].
To conduct WCF business at General Assemblies, a
minimum of one-half (1/2) of the Member Nations shall be present and two (2) of
the WCF’s zones shall be represented.
- When the General Assembly must deliberate upon the dissolution of the WCF,
any decision shall be valid only if two-thirds (2/3) of the Member Nations are
- If there is no such quorum, a second Notice shall be sent (as defined in
art. 18) indicating that any decision shall be valid no matter how many Member
Nations are present.
Article 21 - Voting right
- Only the Representatives of Member Nations which have paid their
subscriptions, including arrears, according to the By-Laws, shall be entitled
to vote at General Assemblies, or move or second a motion.
- Representatives from a Member Nation are entitled to vote differently from
- Representatives carrying proxies are entitled to vote differently for
themselves and for their proxies, and that, whether the proxies be
discretionary or directive.
- Executive Board Members shall not serve as Representatives and shall have
no vote at General Assemblies. The President only has a casting-vote.
Article 22 - Assignment of Votes
- The votes of the Member Nations are determined as follows:
- 8 votes for Member Nations with more than 10,000 curlers;
- 6 votes for Member Nations with between 3,001 and 10,000
- 4 votes for Member Nations with between 501 and 3,000 curlers;
- 2 votes for Member Nations with under 501 curlers.
- Each Representative shall be eligible to carry a minimum of two (2) votes
and a maximum of four (4) votes from his Member Nation. For Member Nations
with less than 501 curlers, each Representative shall be eligible to carry a
minimum of one (1) vote and a maximum of two (2) votes from his Member Nation.
Article 23 - Proxies
- Within a Member Nation:
a Representative may carry proxies of other Representatives within the
limits provided by Art. 22(b).
- Proxy of another Member Nation:
- Should a Member Nation not attend a General Assembly its
Representatives may confer a proxy upon a Representative of another Member
- Only one Representative per Member Nation may carry a proxy:
- No Representative may carry more than one (1) proxy of another
Member Nation’s Representative.
- The proxies are valid for all decisions taken during the General Assembly
- The Proxy shall be given in writing to the Secretary General at least one
week before the General Assembly. In special circumstances a proxy may be
transmitted to the Secretary General without a full week’s notice, in which
case the Executive Board shall decide the validity of the proxy.
Article 24 - Voting System
- All decisions are taken by show of hands.
- However, vote by secret ballot is necessary for the following decisions:
- election of the Executive Board Members;
- dissolution of the Federation;
- any other decision upon request of all Representatives present
of three (3) Member Nations.
Article 25 - Majority
- Decisions are taken by an absolute majority of eligible votes present at a
General Assembly, which means more than half of the eligible votes, excluding
blanks and abstentions.
- However, a two-third (2/3) majority of all eligible votes of Member
Nations, whether present or not at a General Assembly, is required for the
- expulsion of a Member Nation [Art. 10(c)];
- change to the Constitution [Art. 26(j)];
- dissolution of the WCF [Art 26(k) +
- Although being an integral part of the WCF Constitution, the By-Laws can
be changed by an absolute majority according to letter (a) of the present
The General Assembly has the following powers:
- election of the Members of the Executive Board;
- election of each member of the Management Committee;
- approval of the auditors;
- approval of the Reports of the Executive Board;
- approval of the accounting records and financial statements and discharge
to the Executive Board.
- approval of annual subscriptions;
- approval of the budget;
- admission or exclusion of a Member Nation;
- decision on any proposal in the agenda or arising during the General
- changes to the Constitution and By-Laws;
- dissolution of the Federation.
VII EXECUTIVE BOARD
Article 27 - Formation
- The Executive Board comprises seven (7) Members:
- a President
- a Vice President
- a Director of Finance
- four (4) Members
- An Executive Board member shall not serve as a Representative of a Member
- Each of the seven Executive Board Members shall be from a different Member
Nation, with a guaranteed seat for Scotland, Canada and USA.
- The Executive Board shall comprise both male and female members.
- The Different Members of the Executive Board are elected or appointed
according to a specific By-Law.
Article 28 - Period of Office
- Executive Board Members are elected or appointed for a two- (2)-year term
- Executive Board Members are eligible for a maximum of three (3)
consecutive terms in the same position.
- Vacancies on the Executive Board shall be filled as defined in a By-Law.
- The period of office of an Executive Board Member shall be unaffected by
any revision to the Constitution unless otherwise stated.
Article 29 - Organisation
The Management Committee is made up of the
President, the Vice-President and the Director of Finance, who are defined as
Officers of the Federation.
Article 30 - Notice
- Meetings of the Executive Board are called by the President or by the
majority of the Members of the Executive Board.
When requested by the majority of the Executive Board Members, the
President shall call the meeting within thirty (30) days after the request.
- The Management Committee meets whenever necessary.
Article 31 - Quorum and Vote
1 Quorum -
To conduct Executive Board business, at least one
(1) Officer and four (4) Executive Board Members, representing at least two (2)
zones, shall be present.
- Each Member of the Executive Board, except the President, has one (1)
- The President only has a casting vote.
- The Members of the Executive Board shall not be represented by proxies.
Article 32 - Powers
- The Executive Board has the following powers:
- management and administration of the WCF;
- presentation for acceptance by the General Assembly of the
Management Report, the accounts and the budget;
- expenses of the budget up to $20,000
- solve any litigation arising between Member Nations,
Representatives and Curlers;
- when urgent, take decisions normally assumed by the General
Assembly (as per Art. 26), except election of Executive Board Members,
expulsion of a Member Nation, changes to the Constitution and dissolution of
In such a case the decision must be approved by the next General
The Executive Board is responsible to the General Assembly.
- The Management Committee shall implement the direction of the Executive
Board or the General Assembly in the interim between Executive Board meetings.
The Management Committee is responsible to the Executive Board.
- The auditors are approved each year by the General Assembly.
- The auditors shall present an annual report to the General Assembly.
IX COMPROMISSORY CLAUSE
- Any decision made by the General Assembly of the WCF, or by the Judicial
Committee of the WCF, may be the object of appeal arbitration proceedings in
accordance with the Code of sports-related arbitration of the Court of
Arbitration for Sport in Lausanne, Switzerland. The time limit for appeal is
twenty-one (21) days following the communication of the decision concerning
the appeal. All recourse to ordinary courts is excluded.
- The WCF undertakes to comply with the provisions of the IOC Medical Code
concerning doping and gender verification.
X SECRETARIAL OFFICE
Article 35 - Location
- The headquarters of the WCF is based in Scotland.
- Any change of location shall be approved by the General Assembly.
Article 36 - Secretary General
- The Executive Board appoints the Secretary General.
- The Secretary General is member, ex-officio, of all General Assemblies,
Executive Board meetings and Management Committee meetings and takes the
minutes of these various meetings.
- The Secretary General takes part in the discussion but has no right to
- The Secretary General is responsible to the Executive Board for his
The income of the WCF consists of:
- annual subscriptions of the Member Nations, which are fixed in a rule
according to the number of curlers per Nation;
- contribution from sponsors;
- proceeds from rights or from sales;
- hosting fees from world competitions;
The financial year of the WCF shall be 1 January
until 31 December.
XII REPRESENTATION AND RESPONSIBILITY
Article 39 - Representation
- The joint signature of the President and another member of the Management
Committee is necessary to validly bind the WCF in any contractual
- The signature of any contract or document binding the WCF shall be
approved by the Executive Board.
- Any contract of a duration of more than one (1) year, other than World
Curling Championship hosting contracts, shall be ratified by the next General
Article 40 - Responsibility
- Liabilities of the WCF are only guaranteed by its assets.
- No liabilities may be incurred by a Member Nation or its Representatives.
- The Members of the Executive Board are responsible only for their personal
Article 41 - Remuneration and Expenses
- No Representative shall be paid any remuneration for their services to the
- Members of the Executive Board shall be reimbursed for expenses incurred
in attending meetings or other business on behalf of the WCF.
- With the prior approval of the Executive Board, a Representative may be
reimbursed for expenses incurred when performing special duties for the WCF.
- The Secretary General and employees engaged by the Executive Board are
paid a salary fixed by the Executive Board.
XIII LANGUAGE AND INTERPRETATION
- The official language of the WCF shall be English.
- For interpretation of the WCF documentation, decisions, constitution,
by-laws, rules or voice recording, the English text prevails.
Whenever the word indicating the masculine is used,
it also includes the feminine.
- The decision pronouncing the dissolution of the WCF is taken according to
article 20 of the present Constitution;
- The General Assembly, having pronounced the dissolution, is entitled to
decide by simple majority of the voting members the allowance of the remaining
assets of the WCF, which have to be allocated to a non-profit and of public
XV ENTRY INTO FORCE
- The present Constitution, adopted by the General Assembly of 13 December
1995, comes into force on 1 January 1996.
List of By-Laws
- Agenda of the General Assembly
- List of Member Nations
- Election of the Executive Board
- Committee Structures
- Judicial Committee
- Minutes and Handbook
- Doping Policy
BY-LAW No 1 AGENDA OF
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Reading of Notice of Assembly
Report on Credentials of Representatives and Quorum.
Exclusion/suspension of a Member Nation.
Additions to the Agenda.
Approval of the Agenda.
Reading of the Minutes of the last General Assembly
and approval thereof.
Business arising out of the Minutes.
Report of the President.
Report of the Executive Board and Committees.
Report of the Director of Finance.
Report of the Auditors.
Approval of the Financial Statement and Discharge to
the Executive Board.
Appointment of the Auditors.
Presentation and approval of the budget.
Approval of annual subscriptions
Acceptance of a new Member Nation.
Date and location of next General Assembly.
BY-LAW No 2 LIST OF MEMBER NATIONS
ZONE 1 EUROPE
Royal Caledonian Curling Club (Scotland)
Belarusian Curling Association
Bulgarian Curling Association
Hungarian Curling Association
Icelandic Curling Association
Liechtenstein Curling Association
Luxembourg Curling Association
Netherlands Curling Association
Norwegian Curling Association
Spanish Winter Sports Federation
ZONE 2 THE AMERICAS
Brazilian Curling Association
States Curling Association
Virgin Islands Curling Association
ZONE 3 THE PACIFIC
Australian Curling Federation
Zealand Curling Association
Taipei Curling Federation
BY-LAW No 3 ELECTION OF EXECUTIVE BOARD
Chapter One - Electoral Procedure
- Nominations for the election of Executive Board Members shall be made in
writing by a Member Nation to the Secretary General at least sixty (60) days
in advance of the Assembly at which elections are due to take place.
- All Nominations shall be distributed to the Member Nations and their
Representatives, with the Agenda forty-five (45) days prior to the Annual
- At the time of nominations or election each candidate shall be, or have
been a Representative of a Member Nation with at least one attendance at a
General Assembly of the WCF.
- For each election, any Executive Board Member must be nominated with the
approval of his Member Nation.
Assembly appoints two (2) tellers who:
- shall be in possession of a sealed envelope containing the Executive
Board’s casting-vote for the election of the President;
- shall be in possession of a sealed envelope containing the President’s
casting-vote of each position except the President;
- shall count the number of votes in favour of each candidate;
- shall announce the result of each election, making no reference to the
number of votes cast for each candidate;
- shall destroy all voting-papers immediately after the end of the
III ORDER OF PROCEDURE
- One candidate for one position
The candidate is elected by acclamation.
- Two candidates for one position
The candidate securing an absolute majority is elected.
- More than two (2) candidates for one position
- A candidate is elected when securing the absolute majority.
- If there is no absolute majority after the first ballot, the
candidate(s) with least number of votes shall be eliminated from the
election for this position.
- From then on, and for all following ballots, the procedure remains the
same until a candidate secures an absolute majority.
IV CHRONOLOGY OF THE ELECTION
- Management Committee
The Management Committee is elected as follows:
- The President
- The Vice President
- The Director of Finance
- Members at Large
- Missing Gender
If both genders are not represented after the
election of the Management Committee, the next position shall be filled by the
election of the missing gender-candidate who secures an absolute majority vote.
- Nations with a guaranteed seat
If, at that point, Canada, Scotland and USA are not
represented on the Executive Board, the next place shall be filled by
appointment from such country(ies), provided that the Executive Board Member
elected or appointed is or has been a Representative of his country with at
least one attendance at a General Assembly of the WCF.
- Remaining positions at large
- The procedure stipulated under point III c) is
- A candidate eliminated from one position may run for election for a
following remaining position at large.
Chapter Two - Vacancy on Executive Board
In the event that the President is unable to
complete his term, the Vice-President shall carry out his duties until the next
Annual General Assembly.
- Vice-President and Director of Finance
In the event that the Vice-President or the
Director of Finance are unable to complete their term, the Executive Board shall
appoint a member of the Executive Board to carry out their duties until the next
Annual General Assembly.
- Nations with a guaranteed Seat
The Member Nation shall fill the vacant seat by
appointment until the next Annual General Assembly.
The Executive Board Members representing Canada,
Scotland and USA may be replaced by their Nation during their two-year mandate,
provided that they have been serving as Representatives of their respective
Nations with at least one attendance at a General Assembly of the WCF.
- Other Executive Board Members
If the vacant Executive Board position was held by
another person, the Executive Board carries out his duties until the next Annual
BY-LAW No 4 COMMITTEE STRUCTURES
The activities of the WCF are divided
into the following areas:
- International and Corporate Relations
- Programmes and Services
II STANDING COMMITTEES
- Standing Committees shall be formed for:
- Competition and Rules
- Marketing and Development
- Programmes and Services
- Each Standing Committee is under the responsibility of an Executive Board
Member who shall form a Committee.
III AD HOC COMMITTEES
Ad Hoc Committees may be appointed from time to
time by the Executive Board to work in a specific area of endeavour.
- Reports of the activities of such Committees shall be given at the next
General Assembly by the Convenor of the respective Committee.
- The Committees are responsible to the Executive Board for their
V REIMBURSEMENT OF EXPENSES
Members of the Committees shall be reimbursed for
the expenses incurred when performing their duties for the Committee with prior
approval of the Executive Board.
BY-LAW No 5 JUDICIAL COMMITTEE
Chapter One - Powers
The Judicial Committee is responsible for solving
disputes arising only during the Championships organised by (or controlled by)
the WCF, to the exclusion of any other international or national championship or
The Judicial Committee solves all disputes brought
up by a Member Nation, a team, a player or an official concerning the behaviour
of a player, a team, a Member Nation or an official of any other competing
The Judicial Committee takes the necessary
sanctions relating to doping offences:
Chapter TWO - general
The Judicial Committee is composed of the Members
of the Executive Board of the WCF.
In each case the Judicial Committee appoints the
President of the panel, who:
- conducts the procedure
- has a casting-vote in case of equality of votes
- writes and signs the decision on behalf of the Judicial Committee
II CONFLICT OF INTEREST
Any Member of the Judicial Committee may decide to
decline to give an opinion, or may be challenged by one of the parties, for the
- same nationality or relationship by blood or marriage with any person or
Member Nation involved;
- the Member has been a counsel in the dispute, has given his opinion on the
case or had cognisance of it as a judge or an arbitrator.
- any other cause of legitimate doubts over his impartiality.
- Spontaneous declaration of conflict of interest by a Member of the
Judicial Committee when a Member of the Judicial Committee spontaneously
declines to give his opinion, the Judicial Committee takes note of his
- Challenge of a Member by one of the parties.
- The request is made in writing and indicates the reasons for
- To be admissible, the challenge shall be brought before the
Judicial Committee starts sitting, or immediately after the grounds for
challenge have become known.
- The Judicial Committee decides in absence of the member
- The decision stating brief reasons is final and immediately
III QUORUM AND MAJORITY
Article 8 QUORUM
A decision is valid only when a minimum of three
(3) members of the Judicial Committee are present.
Article 9 MAJORITY
Decisions are taken by simple majority, each
member, including the President, having one vote, the President having a
casting-vote in case of equality of votes
- English is the official language for written submissions and oral
- However, another language may be used, if necessary, in the presence of an
The decision shall be written in English.
- All proceedings before the Judicial Committee are free of charge.
- However, the parties shall pay their own counsel’s and/or interpreter’s
No fees or reimbursement of expenses shall be paid
to the members of the Judicial Committee.
Chapter Three - Proceedings
I THE REQUEST OF THE APPEAL
Article 14 Time Limit
complaint shall be submitted to the Secretary General of the WCF or, if absent,
to an officer of the WCF, within two (2) hours from the knowledge of the facts.
Article 15 Form
Every complaint shall be in writing, briefly
stating the facts and legal arguments.
I PROCEEDING BEFORE THE JUDICIAL COMMITTEE
The President of the Panel immediately sets the
hearing to hear the parties and the eventual witnesses.
Parties are allowed to produce written submissions.
The Judicial Committee deliberates and decides
immediately after the end of the hearings.
Article 19 The decision
- The decision, stating reasons, dates and signed by the President of the
Panel, is immediately communicated to the parties.
- The Panel may decide to communicate the holding of the decision to the
parties prior to the reasons.
- The decision shall enter into force as from written communication of the
BY-LAW No 6 SUBSCRIPTIONS
The amount of the annual subscription to be paid by
each Member Nation is fixed in consideration of the number of curlers of such
- Each Member Nation shall pay its annual subscription before March 1st of
- Notices of Subscription will be mailed to each Member Nation not later
than thirty (30) days prior to the end of the preceding fiscal year.
- Any Member Nation which has not paid its subscription by March 1st shall
receive a demand for immediate payment
- In cases of non-payment, despite demand for payment, the procedure
provided by article 10 of the Constitution may apply.
BY-LAW No 7 MINUTES AND HANDBOOK - ADMINISTRATION
- All Minutes of General Assemblies, Executive Board meetings, Management
Committees and other Committee meetings are held by the Secretary General.
- The Secretary General records in the Minutes the decision taken by the
General Assembly, the Executive Board and the Management Committee.
- All Minutes of General Assemblies and Executive Board meetings are sent to
all Member Nations, all Representatives and all Executive Board Members within
forty-five (45) days following the date of the Assembly or Meeting concerned.
- The Secretary General is responsible for keeping and distributing the
- The WCF shall publish every year a World Curling Official Handbook
containing name and address of the Member Nations, the Representatives and the
Executive Board Members, the Constitution and By-Laws, Rules and such other
matters considered by the WCF as of general World Curling interest.
- The Secretary General is responsible for the publication of the World
Curling Official Handbook.
III NAMES AND ADDRESSES
Each Member Nation is required to confirm to the
Secretary General, in writing, the names, addresses and contact numbers of their
Secretary and Voting Representatives when nominated, and the name of their
President, and advise of any replacements as and when they occur.
IV NUMBER OF CURLERS
Each Member Nation is required to confirm, in
writing, the number of curlers registered with their Association/Federation by
31 October each year.
BY-LAW No 8 DOPING
All competitors, coaches, doctors, physiotherapists
or other officials of all WCF Member Nations undertake to accept the rules of
the IOC Medical Code concerning use and trafficking of prohibited substances.
II PROHIBITED CLASSES OF SUBSTANCES AND PROHIBITED
The WCF recognises the current list of prohibited
classes of substances and prohibited methods appearing in the IOC Medical Code
and regularly updated.
The WCF recognises the rules of the IOC Medical
Code concerning local anaesthetics and corticosteroids which are subject to
The use of beta-blockers is prohibited in curling.
The use of cannabinoids (eg Marijuana, Hashish ...)
is prohibited in curling.
sample analysis shall be performed in the laboratories accredited by the IOC
Article 7 - Of the Athletes
- The competitor shall know and respect the anti-doping rules of the IOC
Medical Code and shall ensure that he does not ingest any prohibited
- It is the personal responsibility of any competitor to inform his personal
doctor that he will compete on an international level and that the use of
prohibited substances is forbidden.
- It is the personal responsibility of any competitor to discuss with his
doctor the consequences of the use of prohibited substances, and to ask for a
change of treatment if the treatment prescribed includes the ingestion of
- It is the personal responsibility of any competitor to ask his doctor to
fulfill the medical notification form for use of the Beta 2 Agonists, or the
drug of class III of the IOC list, in accordance with the IOC Medical Code
Article 8 - Of the other parties
- The coaches and other officials shall know and respect the anti-doping
rules and shall ensure that no competitor of their National Team ingests any
- The doctors and members of the paramedical staff shall know and respect
the anti-doping rules and shall ensure that no competitor of the National Team
ingests any prohibited substance.
Article 9 - Special Obligation
Any player, coach, doctor, member of the
paramedical staff or other official of a National Team shall have the obligation
to inform immediately the WCF Executive Board of any infringement to the
anti-doping Rules committed by a player of their National Team.
V TESTING PROCEDURE
During WCF competitions
The WCF Executive Board shall decide the numbers and names of
the competitors to be subjected to doping control each day. In general, these
controls will include the competitors playing in the semi-finals and finals,
plus others chosen at random during the round-robin and tie-breakers.
Out of competition testing
The World Anti-Doping Agency (The WADA) is entitled to
carry out any out of competition testing whenever it deems it appropriate,
under the terms and conditions provided for in the Agreement signed between
WADA and the WCF.
The Appendix C and D of the IOC Medical Code shall
apply to the Competitor Notification and Registration for Doping Control, to the
sample-taking procedure and to the Sample Analysis.
VI SANCTIONS AND PENALTIES
Article 12 - General
- An infraction occurs whenever a provision of the IOC Medical Code, or of
this by-law 8 to the WCF Constitution, has been breached by any person.
- A result is positive only when both the ‘A’ and ‘B’ samples are positive
or when the ‘A’ sample is positive and the athlete affected waives the right
to require that the ‘B’ sample be analysed.
- The penalties contemplated hereunder in Article 13 shall apply to any
competitor who refuses to submit himself to a doping control.
Article 13 - Penalties
Any infraction by a
competitor shall carry with it both individual penalties and team penalties.
The penalty for a first infraction by a competitor
shall be disqualification for the duration of the WCF Championship, plus:
except in the cases covered by paragraph (2) of
this Article, a suspension from all competition for a period of two years from
the later of the date of the positive result and the date on which any appeal
from a decision thereon shall be finally determined;
in cases of a positive result for ephedrine,
phenlpropanolamine, pseudoephedrine, caffeine, strychnine and related compounds,
a maximum suspension of three months.
The penalty for a second infraction by a competitor
pursuant to the IOC Medical Code and the present by-law shall be
disqualification, if the infraction occurred during a competition, plus, in
cases referred to in paragraph (1) of this Article, a lifetime suspension from
all WCF competitions and WCF accreditations, in any capacity, and, in cases
referred to in paragraph (2) of this Article, suspension for two years and, for
any subsequent infraction, a life ban.
The match during which the infraction took place
shall be considered as forfeited by the team of which the punished competitor
is a member.
If the infraction took place during the finals,
the team shall be disqualified and the medals shall be distributed between the
three other teams according to their rank.
Penalties for individuals other than competitors
The same penalties apply, mutatis mutandis, to officials and others to
whom the IOC Medical Code applies, provided that the penalty for an infraction
is a minimum penalty only, and may be increased according to the circumstances
and the culpability involved.
The penalties applied to an individual found guilty of a doping
infraction in one participant role, or sport, should apply fully to all other
roles, and all other sports, and be respected by the authorities of other sports
for the length of the penalty period.
CREDENTIALS FOR MEMBERSHIP
Eligibility- Any national curling association is eligible to join the World
Membership- Membership is granted according to Articles 6, 7 & 8 of the
Constitution of the WCF.
Number of Representatives, Voting and Subscription. The undernoted scale shows
the rights and financial responsibilities of member countries
|No of Curlers
|Countries with up to 500
|from 501 to 3,000
|from 3,001 to 10,000
- Representatives of any curling country, which has not yet fulfilled the
Credentials for joining the WCF are permitted to attend Open Meetings of the
WCF as observers.