A short history of the World Curling Federation
It is recorded that international curling events were staged in the 19th century in Europe and North America, but it was not until the first Winter Olympic Games at Chamonix in 1924 that any form of competition was identified. Great Britain defeated Sweden and France in a three-country demonstration of the sport.
In 1932 at Lake Placid, curling again was listed as a demonstration sport at the Winter Olympics, and Canada was a winner over the United States in a two-country competition in which each country entered four teams.
Another 25 years passed before a meeting was held in Edinburgh in 1957 to consider the formation of an international organisation which would be required in order to apply for Olympic medal status. No progress was documented, but two years later, in 1959, Scotland and Canada reached a major milestone by launching the Scotch Cup series between their national men's curling champions.
Interest in other countries was generated, and the USA (1961), Sweden (1962), Norway and Switzerland (1964), France (1966) and Germany (1967) expanded the Scotch Cup entry. The 1959-67 results now are recognised in the curling history of the men's world championship.
The success of the Scotch Cup series led to another attempt, in March 1965, to create a global administration. The Royal Caledonian Curling Cup convened a meeting in Perth, Scotland, and six countries (Scotland, Canada, USA, Sweden, Norway and Switzerland) agreed to a proposal to form an international committee of the Royal Club, to be called the International Curling Federation (ICF).
The following year, in March, 1966, in Vancouver, Canada, a draft constitution for the ICF was considered by seven countries (France was added to the original six), and the Federation was declared to be established as of 1 April 1966.
The constitution was approved in March 1967, at Perth, and a set of rules for international competition was proposed. At the Federation's annual meeting in 1968 in Pointe Claire, Quebec, these rules were adopted, but are subject to amendment and revision each year.
Also in 1968, the Air Canada Silver broom replaced the Scotch Cup, and it was sanctioned as the World Curling Championship. In 1975, the Federation endorsed the World Junior Men's Curling Championship, 1979 the Ladies' Curling Championship; and in 1988, the World Junior Ladies' Curling Championship. The four events were combined into two in 1989 at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and Markham, Ontario, and became known as the World Curling Championships (WCC) and the World Junior Curling Championships (WJCC).
The Constitution had a significant adjustment in 1982, when the Federation was declared an independent entity and approved as the governing body of curling in the world, while the Royal Caledonian Curling Club was acknowledged as the Mother Club of Curling.
In 1991, the name of the Federation was changed to the World Curling Federation (WCF).
Curling was a demonstration sport for a third and fourth time at the Winter Olympics of 1988 (Calgary) and 1992 (Albertville).
On 21 July 1992, at its session in Barcelona, Spain, the International Olympic Committee granted official medal status to Men's and Women's Curling, to take effect no later than the Winter Olympic Games of 2002, with an option for 1998 at Nagano, Japan. During the meeting of the IOC Executive Board held on 19-22 June 1993 in Lausanne, the Organising Committee of the Nagano Olympic Winter Games (NAOC '98) officially agreed to include Curling in the programme of the XVIII Olympic Winter Games, 1998.
At the Semi-Annual General Assembly of the Federation in Leukerbad, Switzerland, in December 1993, a revised Constitution was adopted. This included changes to the Management Structure. The revised structure became operational following the election of the Executive Board at the Annual General Assembly in Oberstdorf, Germany, in April 1994.
From 1966 to 1994, the administration of the ICF and WCF was the responsibility of employees of the RCCC. Following the adoption of the revised Constitution, the WCF set up its own Head Office and Secretariat in Edinburgh, Scotland in 1994.
At the Semi-Annual General Assembly of the Federation in Grindelwald, Switzerland, in December 1995, A completely re-written Constitution was adopted in order to comply with Swiss law following the Federation's registration in that country.
In May 2000, The WCF Secretariat moved to Perth, Scotland.
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